Rosacea

What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a prevalent, persistent condition that primarily affects the central area of the face, including the forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin. It commonly occurs in middle-aged individuals of both genders. Symptoms of rosacea include the presence of red or yellow pustules, continuous redness, itchy and red eyes, and the potential development of a bumpy, enlarged nose. People with rosacea often experience heightened skin sensitivity and are prone to easy blushing. 

What is the cause?
The exact cause of rosacea remains unclear, but it likely involves genetic and environmental factors. Genetics can predispose individuals to the condition. Rosacea is associated with vascular issues, where facial blood vessels dilate too easily, leading to redness and flushing. The presence of Demodex mites on the skin may contribute to inflammation. Chronic skin inflammation is a hallmark of rosacea. Environmental triggers, including sunlight, extreme temperatures, spicy foods, alcohol, hot beverages, and stress, can worsen symptoms.  

What is the treatment?
In the initial step, you will undergo a consultation with a dermatologist to evaluate your skin, establish a diagnosis, and discuss potential treatments. Treatment options available at the clinic encompass: 

  1. i) Topical treatments, such as creams or gels, with a typical course lasting 8 to 12 weeks.
  2. ii) Oral antibiotics, which are prescribed for spot treatment, usually spanning 3 to 6 months.

iii) Alternative medications, employed either when antibiotics prove ineffective or to address flushing. 

 

  1. iv) Laser therapy to target the blood vessels responsible for redness, often requiring multiple sessions.
  2. v) Laser therapy aimed at reducing the size of an enlarged nose, also potentially requiring multiple sessions.