Lumps and bumps

“Lumps and bumps” on the skin is a colloquial term used to describe various types of skin growths or lesions that can appear as raised or elevated areas on the skin. These growths can vary in size, shape, color, and texture and may have different causes and characteristics.  

What is the cause of lumps and bums?
Lumps and bumps on the skin can result from various causes, depending on their type and characteristics: 

Acne: Pimples and acne form due to clogged hair follicles and excess oil production, often triggered by hormones or genetics. 

Moles: Benign skin growths caused by an accumulation of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes). They can be congenital or develop over time. 

Skin Tags: Small, benign growths in friction-prone areas, like the neck or underarms, often influenced by genetics and friction. 

Cysts: Closed sacs beneath the skin that may contain fluid, pus, or other materials. They can develop due to blocked ducts or infections. 

Warts: Raised, rough growths caused by viral infections, particularly the human papillomavirus (HPV). 

Hives: Itchy, raised welts on the skin typically caused by allergic reactions to various triggers like foods or medications. 

Cherry Angiomas: Benign growths composed of blood vessels, often appearing with age. 

Lipomas: Non-cancerous growths formed by an overgrowth of fat cells beneath the skin. 


Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars: Raised, thickened scars that may develop after injuries or surgeries, sometimes influenced by genetics. 

Skin Cancer: Some skin lumps and bumps can be a sign of skin cancer, such as melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or basal cell carcinoma.  

Consulting a healthcare professional is crucial for proper diagnosis and management.  

What is the treatment of lumps and bumps?
The treatment for lumps and bumps on the skin varies depending on their type, cause, and individual characteristics. Here are some common treatment approaches: 

Acne: Topical treatments, such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoids, may be used for acne. Severe cases may require oral antibiotics or other medications. 

Moles: Most moles are harmless and do not require treatment. If a mole changes in size, shape, or color, it should be evaluated by a dermatologist to rule out skin cancer. 

Skin Tags: Skin tags can be removed by a dermatologist through procedures like cryotherapy (freezing), excision, or cauterization. 

Cysts: Cysts may be drained through needle aspiration or removed surgically by a healthcare professional. 

Warts: Warts can be treated with over-the-counter salicylic acid preparations, cryotherapy, laser therapy, or prescription medications. 

Hives: Hives typically resolve on their own and are treated by identifying and avoiding triggers. Antihistamines can help alleviate symptoms. 

Cherry Angiomas: Cherry angiomas can be removed for cosmetic reasons through procedures like laser therapy or electrosurgery. 

Lipomas: Lipomas are usually harmless and may not require treatment unless they become painful or bothersome. Surgical removal is an option. 


Keloids and Hypertrophic Scars: Treatment options include corticosteroid injections, silicone sheets, laser therapy, or surgical revision. 

Skin Cancer: Treatment for skin cancer involves various methods, including surgical excision, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy, depending on the type and stage of cancer. 

It’s essential to consult a dermatologist or healthcare professional for proper evaluation and guidance on the most appropriate treatment for specific lumps and bumps on the skin. Early intervention is often key to successful management, especially in cases where skin cancer is suspected.