Alopecia

Alopecia is a general term for hair loss caused by any factor. There are numerous causes for this, which necessitate expert evaluation in a consultation and treatment provided in accordance. 

You might see one of the hair loss patterns listed below: 

  • Diffuse (generalised thinning of the hair), 
  • Hair shedding (hair on the pillows, clothes etc) 
  • Localised (separate bald patches) 
  • Receding hairline (hairline moving back at the temples or forehead). 

Medically speaking, hair loss is widely classified into non-scarring and scarring alopecia, with the latter characterised by irreversible hair follicle destruction, making it unable to regrow lost hair. Early diagnosis and treatment are therefore essential to preventing this. 

What is the cause of alopecia?
It can be brought on by stressful situations or illnesses, nutrient shortages, immune system attacks on hair follicles, heredity, or fungus infections. 

What are the common forms of alopecia?
The following is a general description of several typical kinds of alopecia; however, more details unique to your situation will be given during the appointment. 

Telogen effluvium
Telogen effluvium is a condition that causes generalised thinning of the hair on the scalp. It can happen quickly and suddenly after an illness, after giving birth, or after a stressful event. It can also happen slowly and gradually as a result of a chronic illness or nutritional inadequacies. 

Patterned hair loss or androgenetic alopecia
Although unusual in young people and children, this type of hair loss is fairly common in elderly adults, thus further research is needed. 

It manifests in men as a receding hairline and thinning hair on the head. The sides and back of the scalp’s hair are typically unaffected. 

It manifests in women as top-of-the-head hair thinning, which makes the portion look broader. 

Similar hair loss may run in families, and hormonal imbalances occasionally play a role. 

Alopecia areata
Due to our own immune system attacking the hair follicles, it manifests as smooth bald patches that arise unexpectedly on the scalp (autoimmunity). It may manifest in people with a personal or familial history of autoimmune diseases such diabetes, thyroid illness, or vitiligo. 

Tinea capitis
Scale, pus, discharge, and hair loss in a specific area of the scalp are the symptoms of this fungal infection of the scalp, which is frequently found in children. Early treatment is crucial since it might result in severe, irreversible hair loss. 

Scarring alopecia
The hair follicles in this group of diseases are permanently destroyed by inflammation. It might show up as irritated spots on the scalp or as redness and scaling along with a thinning frontal hairline. 

Even though lost hair cannot be replaced, treatment can stop the spread and harm from getting worse. 

How is alopecia diagnosed?
The diagnosis is made clinically, and occasionally a scalp biopsy (a small sample from your scalp) is also necessary. It may be necessary to perform blood tests to screen for nutritional deficits. 

What is the treatment of hair loss?
The clinic’s list of available treatments includes: 

  1. Creams or foams – some may be prescribed or available without a prescription.
  2. Injections – local injections into the scalp
  3. Tablets – these are prescribed and some of them require regular blood monitoring.
  4. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) –
  5. Hair supplements