WHAT TO EXPECT
What is urticaria?
Hives is medically termed as “urticaria” it is also called welts, wheals or nettle rash.
Urticaria is either chronic or acute.
In chronic urticaria, it might be due to autoimmune condition. It is a long-lasting condition.
While in acute urticaria, it is caused by exposure to an allergen or irritant, for example, food or touching a nettle. It lasts for a maximum of 6 weeks.
What is the cause of urticaria?
Urticaria can evolve as a response to:
- An allergen
- Physical stimulation, for instance drastic temperatures
- Health conditions
Allergens causing urticaria:
Urticaria can evolve when the body responds negatively to an allergen. When an allergic reaction takes place, the body liberates a protein called histamine. Small blood vessels known as capillaries leak fluid piles up under the skin and causes inflammation, rash and tiny bumps.
The causes behind acute urticaria from an allergic reaction are:
From consumption of antibiotics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, for example aspirin.
- food allergens such as nuts, eggs, seafood
- Kiwi, banana, chestnuts, or mango, in patients with a latex allergy
- Specific plants, including nettles, poison ivy, and poison oak
Physical stimulations causing urticaria:
Here are some possible stimulations:
- Exposure to extreme heat, causing perspiration
- scratching or rubbing the skin
- Pressure, from fitting clothing
- Under direct sunlight
Health conditions causing urticaria include:
- Viral infections, including flu, cold, fever
- Bacterial infections including urinary tract infections and strep throat
- Intestinal parasites, for example Giardia lamblia
- Autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, celiac disease, and type 1 diabetes
What is the treatment of urticaria?
A combination of medications can help control the condition and the symptoms, until it eventually burns itself out.
If symptoms are mild and occur after exposure to an allergen or irritant, home remedies can usually soothe the itchiness until the rash disappears.
A doctor may prescribe:
- non-sedating antihistamines, including cetirizine (Zyrtec) or fexofenadine (Allegra)
- short-term use of topical steroids
- antiseptic creams to prevent secondary infection
- soothing creams to reduce itchiness
- Chronic urticaria patients may require to consume antihistamines continuously till their symptoms resolve.
- Xolair is an injectable drug that stops immunoglobulin E, a substance that plays a role in allergic reactions. It can lessen the symptoms of chronic urticaria.
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Our clinicians, doctor and surgeons see and counsel you on multiple occasions prior to your surgery or treatment. They will also check on your following your surgery or treatment in follow-up consultations to ensure we achieve optimum results. We take photos throughout your journey with us as part of your medical records, with your consent, to ensure we are able to show you the satisfactory outcome and to show the difference in appearance. We provide the same high level of professional care o all of our patients.
Mr Khan is a dedicated plastic surgeon with diverse experience in plastic and cosmetic procedures. His special clinical interests include cosmetic surgery, ...
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We will go thru your medical history and understand what your concerns, questions, risks, and benefits from the treatment
- Keep your skin cool with a cold compressor to avoid itchiness.
- Avoid rubbing your hives. This can disturb your skin and instigate more hives.
- Wear loose clothes.
- Manage stress.
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