What causes hives or urticaria & why choose hives or urticaria treatment

  • Urticaria occurs when a trigger causes high levels of histamine and other chemical messengers to be released in the skin.
  • These substances cause the blood vessels in the affected area of skin to open up (often resulting in redness or pinkness) and become leaky.
  • Hives or urticaria might be a part of the clinical spectrum of anaphylaxis and therefore cause a deadly risk if not treated.
  • It is an infection with a highly negative influence on your lifestyle.



What is urticaria?

Hives is medically termed as “urticaria” it is also called welts, wheals or nettle rash.

Urticaria is either chronic or acute.

In chronic urticaria, it might be due to autoimmune condition. It is a long-lasting condition.

While in acute urticaria, it is caused by exposure to an allergen or irritant, for example, food or touching a nettle. It lasts for a maximum of 6 weeks.

What is the cause of urticaria?

Urticaria can evolve as a response to:

  • An allergen
  • Physical stimulation, for instance drastic temperatures
  • Health conditions

Allergens causing urticaria:

Urticaria can evolve when the body responds negatively to an allergen. When an allergic reaction takes place, the body liberates a protein called histamine. Small blood vessels known as capillaries leak fluid piles up under the skin and causes inflammation, rash and tiny bumps.

The causes behind acute urticaria from an allergic reaction are:

From consumption of antibiotics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, for example aspirin.

  • food allergens such as nuts, eggs, seafood
  • Kiwi, banana, chestnuts, or mango, in patients with a latex allergy
  • Specific plants, including nettles, poison ivy, and poison oak

Physical stimulations causing urticaria:

Here are some possible stimulations:

  • Exposure to extreme heat, causing perspiration
  • scratching or rubbing the skin
  • Pressure, from fitting clothing
  • Under direct sunlight

Health conditions causing urticaria include:

  • Viral infections, including flu, cold, fever
  • Bacterial infections including urinary tract infections and strep throat
  • Intestinal parasites, for example Giardia lamblia
  • Autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, celiac disease, and type 1 diabetes

What is the treatment of urticaria?

A combination of medications can help control the condition and the symptoms, until it eventually burns itself out.

Acute urticaria

If symptoms are mild and occur after exposure to an allergen or irritant, home remedies can usually soothe the itchiness until the rash disappears.

A doctor may prescribe:

  • non-sedating antihistamines, including cetirizine (Zyrtec) or fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • short-term use of topical steroids
  • antiseptic creams to prevent secondary infection
  • soothing creams to reduce itchiness

Chronic urticaria

  • Chronic urticaria patients may require to consume antihistamines continuously till their symptoms resolve.
  • Xolair is an injectable drug that stops immunoglobulin E, a substance that plays a role in allergic reactions. It can lessen the symptoms of chronic urticaria.


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    We will go thru your medical history and understand what your concerns, questions, risks, and benefits from the treatment

    1. Keep your skin cool with a cold compressor to avoid itchiness.
    2. Avoid rubbing your hives. This can disturb your skin and instigate more hives.
    3. Wear loose clothes.
    4. Manage stress.


    Our consultations take place at myCosmetic Clinic, 77-79 Chapel Street,Manchester,M3 5BZ.
    During the consultation, we will explore your concerns and the impact they may or may not be having on you. We will discuss the background to these concerns and any relevant past medical history.

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